A sample of a Political Science Paper: Communitarian Justice
There is no doubt that before you can graduate with a given academic award in the field of political science you will have written numerous papers. There are different concepts in this field that you must be aware of such as communitarian justice. We have provided you with a sample of a political science paper below focusing on communitarian justice.
Part 1 of a Sample of a political science paper
Communitarianism is a rare concept, although its social and philosophical ideas are popular among many people. Essentially, it encompasses and prioritizes three main elements. First of all, the theory of “the ME needs a WE to BE” highlights the psychological and physiological problems encountered by people considered as outcasts. For example, such individuals may include prisoners and patients. Moreover, the perspective maintains that the essence of human nature is not solely based on individualism. Instead, people progress when they are in lasting and meaningful relationships. However, for such relations to flourish, it is important to forge interactions in daily activities (Etzioni, 2010).
Secondly, people need a moral basis for understanding norms and informal dynamics that define social conflicts. Further, the concept presupposes that there is a consensus on what is morally acceptable or unacceptable as stipulated by unorthodox opinions. Besides, it maintains that individuals ought to focus on punitive measures rather than relying on security agencies (Bevir, 2008). Lastly, individuals’ rights directly intertwine with social responsibilities; hence, they are inseparable. Apart from that, communitarianism elicits numerous debates concerning privacy and security. It must be remembered that people are concerned about safety and freedom of speech. Further, societies are worried about national defense which sometimes results. Again, it envisages community as an important aspect of human lives. For example, the worldview stresses on the responsibilities of individuals in cultural activities. Most importantly, it highlights how a decline in moral values triggers an upsurge of criminal activities among other social injustices (Perlikowski, 2015).
At the same time, communitarianism emphasizes on the common good of the community as it aims at developing conflict resolution measures at the local levels rather than engaging police officers. On another subject,politics of moral engagement contrast with those of individualism. Essentially, an encumbered person is open to unwilled ethical claims. To some degree, the concept entails solidarity and loyalty obligations. Further, it argues that the two elements arise from communities that shape an individual’s identity. In contrast, moral individualism proposes that notions of freedom define a person’s beliefs in relation to what he/she owes others. In other words, the viewpoint perceives the community as a reliable resource that strengthens values, obligations, and rights in which an individual is expected to ensure a peaceful coexistence (Sage, 2012).
Further, communitarianism stresses on the need for a criminal to live as per the local conduct rules. Moreover, it points out that no community has the right to violate values shared by the society. In this regard, if there are disagreements within the society, dynamics of public engagement should establish platforms for addressing the issues. In this case, communitarianism is critical as it strengthens the existing instruments of power to deter future conflicts (Eriksen & Stjernfelt, 2012). Notably, the chapters highlight important aspects of communitarianism such as its definition, community politics, and social applicability. Therefore,these topics relate to course contents and the entire syllabus.
In the recent times, there have been numerous debates in the media regarding the legalization of the same-sex communities in most parts of the world. Notably, these discussions are prompted by civil-rights organizations that seek equal rights for all people. In most cases, the agents involved are LGBTs on one side and the religious groups on the other. Remarkably, the former seeks for recognition as ordinary individuals who have different sexual orientation. In contrast, the latter opposes the calls to legalize same-sex rights.According to them, doing goes against the moral principles that define human beings. In some instances, such discussions result in legal tussles. Nonetheless, the debates result in mutual respect depending on an individual’s perspective (Etzioni, 2010).
Fundamentally, according to Sage (2012), the moral issue at stake is whether same-sex marriages or relationships are permissible. In fact, the author holds the view that debates concerning legalizations of gay rights should not be at the forefront of public engagement. Further, he notes that the discussions have taken over the mainstream media houses such as CNN and Aljazeera. In some cases, the deliberations elicit different emotions, especially from the religious groups. Most importantly, the affinity group fails to justify deviation from the acceptable morals. For this reason, they do not clearly elaborate on the reasons for legalization. Again, in the Holy Scriptures such as the Bible and Quran, same-sex marriages are strongly condemned. Besides, holding such debates in the public domain exposes the moral erosion in the society (Bevir, 2008).
Irrefutably, this case directly relates to the course content as it is based on the concept of communitarianism. Markedly, the issues under study are community-centered and can be solved through dialog between the two conflicting parties. Essentially, it relates to justice as same-sex communities advocate for recognition and equal treatment. In most cases, the affinity group is often denied justice on the basis of sexual orientation. For this reason, the individuals lobby for constitutional amendments in various countries. What is more, they argue that religious groups such as Christians and Muslims discriminate them. In some instances, they are denied essential government services due to their sexual orientation(Eriksen & Stjernfelt, 2012).
Bevir, M. (2008). Key concepts in governance. LA. Sage Publications.
Eriksen, J.M., & Stjernfelt, F. (2012). The democratic contradictions of multiculturalism. New
York, NY: Telos Press Pub.
Etzioni, A. (2010). Communitarianism. In International Encyclopedia of Civil Society (pp. 521- 524). Springer US.
Perlikowski, Ł. (2015). Political reasoning and the typology of arguments in the context of political philosophy. Philosophy, 5(9), 453-468.doi:10.17265/2159-5313/2015.09.004.
Sage, D. (2012). A challenge to liberalism? The communitarianism of the big society and blue labour. Critical Social Policy, 32(3), 365-382.doi: 10.1177/0261018312444411.
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